Vishu is a festival celebrated in the state of Kerala, India. It is one of the oldest festivals of Kerala. Celebrated on the first date of the Malayalam month of Aries, this festival is celebrated as New Year by the Keralites because according to the Malayalam calendar, on this day the Sun changes its zodiac and enters the ‘Madam’ zodiac, due to which the new year begins. Is.
The importance of this festival can be gauged from the fact that there is a public holiday in the state of Kerala to commemorate this festival. Many types of beliefs and stories are prevalent about this day, but mainly this festival is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and his incarnation Shri Krishna.
Vishu Festival 2021
In the year 2021, the festival of Vishu will be celebrated with great pomp on Wednesday, April 14.
In which state is the festival of Vishu celebrated? (In Which State Vishu Festival is Celebrated)
This enchanting festival of Vishu is celebrated in the state of Kerala. On this day, there is a complete Kerala state holiday and all offices, schools, colleges etc. remain closed so that everyone can enjoy this festival together with their families.
Why is the festival of Vishu celebrated? (Why Do We Celebrate Vishu)
This festival called Vishu is celebrated with great pomp in the whole of Kerala and some parts of Karnataka. There are many reasons for celebrating this festival. This festival is also celebrated as Malayalam New Year. Along with this, sowing of paddy crop also starts in Kerala on this day. Therefore, it is also a happy occasion for the farmers, in which they thank God for their previous crop and wish for good yield of their next crop.
Along with this, there are astronomical and religious reasons behind celebrating this festival as it is believed that on this day the sun would fall directly on Lord Vishnu from the east direction. This is the reason why Lord Vishnu and his incarnation Lord Krishna are worshiped on this day. According to the beliefs, it is also said that on this day Lord Krishna also killed a demon named Narakasura.
How to Celebrate Vishu – Custom and Tradition (How Do We Celebrate Vishu – Custom and Tradition)
This festival of Vishu is the main festival of the people of Hindu religion living in Kerala. People eagerly wait for this festival because this day is also celebrated as the New Year of the state of Kerala. This is the reason that on this day there is also a one-day public holiday across the state so that people can celebrate this festival with great pomp with their families.
On this day people start their day with Vishukani Darshan after taking bath in the morning. In Malayalam, Vishu means Vishnu and Kani means to see, that is, Vishukani means first to see Lord Vishnu.
After this people wear new or clean clothes and go to the temple and see the deities. Along with this, the most awaited time of this day is for Vishu food. In which 26 different types of vegetarian food are served.
Similarly, on this day special types of delicacies are offered to the deities, in which a special vessel is known as ‘Urali’. In this, things like cucumber, pumpkin, coconut, raw banana, mango, pineapple, rice, betel nut, grains etc. are offered before the deities.
Along with this, there is also a custom of taking out a tableau on this day. This tableau is decorated a day before and on the day of Vishu festival with great pomp, it is rotated in the surrounding areas. This tableau is visited by all the people because it is believed that a lot of virtue is obtained by seeing this tableau. After this people go to the temples and worship the Lord. The eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu i.e. Lord Krishna is worshiped the most on the day of Vishu.
Modern Tradition of Vishu
Like every festival, many changes have come in the festival of Vishu in today’s time. By the way, except for a few things, most of the changes in it have been good. Presently this festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over the state of Kerala. Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is worshiped in most homes on this day. Along with this, in today’s time this festival is now celebrated on a very large scale and many big tableaux are also taken out on this day.
However, in today’s modern era, people are busy in their work. Like before, they are not able to enjoy this festival because in today’s time people stay out of their homes and villages for employment or business and are unable to come home on this festival. Due to which now the family importance of this festival is decreasing. We should make maximum efforts that we celebrate this festival with our family and loved ones so that the cultural and traditional importance of this festival remains as it is.
Significance of Vishu
This Vishu festival, celebrated with great pomp in the state of Kerala, is very important for the people there. This festival is eagerly awaited by the people. This day is considered very auspicious in the Malayalam calendar as it is the first day of the month of Aries and marks the beginning of the Malayalam New Year. According to astronomical calculations, on this day the Sun changes its zodiac and enters the ‘Madam’ zodiac, due to which the new year begins.
Along with this, sowing of a new crop, which mainly includes rice, is also started in the state of Kerala at this time. Due to which this festival is given a lot of respect by the farmers and it is celebrated with great pomp. Along with this, according to mythology, the light of the sun falls directly on Lord Vishnu on this day. Due to these cultural and mythological reasons, this day is celebrated with great pomp.
History of Vishu
The history of this unique festival called Vishu celebrated in Kerala is very old. This festival is also associated with the beginning of the new year and crops like Vaisakhi, Gudi Padwa and Chaitra Shukla Pratipada and is celebrated at an interval of few days from each other.
Like before, in today’s time too, this festival is celebrated with great pomp by the farmers of Kerala to celebrate the sowing of new paddy. Although nothing specific is known about how this festival started, but many types of historical and mythological stories related to this festival are prevalent.
According to a similar story, the Sun changes its zodiac on this day. Due to which the direct light of the sun falls on Lord Vishnu. Due to its astronomical and mythological reasons, this day is also celebrated as Malayalam New Year by the people of Kerala state.
Story of Narakasura’s Slaughter
Along with this, people believe that on this day Yogeshwar Shri Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, also killed Narakasura. This is the reason that along with the worship of Lord Vishnu, his incarnation of Krishna is worshiped the most on this day. According to this legend, a demon named Narakasura reigned in the city of Pragjyotishpur. On the strength of his penance, he asked Brahmaji for a boon that no god, demon or demon could kill him.
Because of this boon, he began to consider himself invincible. Being crushed in the ego of his power, he started dreaming of becoming the lord of all the worlds and with his power defeated gods like Indra, Varuna, Agni, Vayu etc. In the pride of power, he also imprisoned many saints and 16 thousand women.
Disturbed by his persecution, all the gods and sages reached Lord Krishna. Accepting his request, Lord Krishna attacked Narakasura and killed him by cutting Narakasura into two pieces with his Sudarshan Chakra. In this way he ended the tyrannical and tyrannical Narakasura and freed the people from his atrocities.