Essay on why OBC reservation is so controversial

In ancient times some sections of the society were so oppressed by other classes that the society was divided into two groups of upper and lower castes. The great scholars and social reformers had considered adopting reservation to fill the gap between these two elements of society. All castes are given reservation according to their current status and population of the society. Reservation is the only additional facility to bring the backward sections of the society into the mainstream.

Long essay on why OBC reservation is so controversial in English today

1300 word essay


The bad practice of caste-based discrimination, which had been going on for centuries, was caught by society in such a way that the classes that were ahead were moving forward, while the backward classes were becoming more and more backward. Provision was then made to give reservation to all castes according to the population of their area. Where OBC population is high, OBC is given more reservation and where SC ST population is higher, SC ST is given priority in reservation. The High Court has decided to limit the scope of reservation to only 50%. Despite this, many states have made reservations more than 50% of their population.

What is OBC reservation? (What is OBC reservation?)

The Other Backward Classes (OBC) is a caste group which generally falls under the general category (General) which is economically and educationally backward than the rest of the general category. Other Backward Classes under Article 340 of the Constitution of India Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC) As stated.

The Supreme Court in 1992 had reserved 27% of the total seats in government services for OBCs. Then the then Union Minister Jitendra Singh had said in the Lok Sabha in January 2016 that the reservation of OBCs in government jobs is 21.57%. According to the Supreme Court decision, the reservation of OBCs in states like Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Goa etc. is 27%, while in some states it is 7 to 50 per cent depending on the population of OBCs.

Why is reservation necessary? (Why is OBC reservation necessary?)

We should understand this by an example. Suppose you want to be a mother in a family and you have two children. Due to limited resources you can give them only a glass of milk. For some reason one of them falls ill and the doctor says that if he wants to recover he will have to give him two glasses of milk, otherwise it may be difficult to save him.

Now you are looking at only two ways, either give both the children a glass of milk by showing the similarity or give both the glasses of milk to the sick child for some time till the condition of the sick child improves. Then when his condition improves, he will start giving milk to other children as well.

In the same way, we should have a motherly attitude towards our society and try to bring the backward sections of the society into the mainstream by giving them additional facilities for some time instead of the advanced classes.

Reservations provide a starting point for all elements of society to participate in the competition from where their destination is the same for all classes. Preparation for any competition cannot be uniform as not all elements of society have the same resources.

For example, a child from a big job business or a professional family gets all kinds of facilities for better education and better education, but it is obvious that a backward class child in that village who has always been deprived of all those facilities will never succeed in this competition. Reservation is a form of assistance that is given to departments that do not have adequate resources like other elements of society.

Disputes over OBC reservation in other states like Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh (Dispute over OBC reservation in other states like Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh)

Political parties in India have used essential facilities like reservation for their political gain in such a way that now the society is divided into two distinctions. On the one hand there are people who are getting reservations and on the other hand there are people who are not getting reservations. If today the government leaves its politics and starts thinking of the welfare of the citizens, all differences can be erased in the blink of an eye, but doing so will ruin their vote bank. From time to time, when the party needed it, it brought such rules and politicized the votes with the people, but in the end the people only got mutual disputes.

Even behind the ongoing controversy in Maharashtra, the interest of the present government (from 28 November 2019 till now) is hidden. The present government says that if 27% reservation is given to OBCs in Maharashtra, the total reservation will go beyond the 50% limit which would violate the decision of the Supreme Court. The Maharashtra government is in favor of giving reservation to the original Marathas. Similarly, the previous government of Madhya Pradesh (17 December 2018 – 23 March 2020) had also promised to increase the reservation of OBCs from 14% to 27% at the time of elections, but after the elections the case went to court. The land remained. Governments come and go in India but the issue of reservation is always controversial.

NEET The reason for the OBC reservation dispute in the exam (Reasons for OBC reservation controversy in NEET exam)

The BJP government, which has been sitting at the Center for the last four years, has not given reservation to OBC students in the all-India quota NEET exams, which has sparked outrage among students and opponents. As a result of the government’s move, there were a total of 40,824 seats in the last four years, of which 11,027 seats were for OBC students, but these seats were also given in general.

So seats are reserved for SC ST as well as higher castes, if not only OBC seats. A number of organizations in Tamil Nadu have also raised their voices against this but so far no change has taken place.

Will removing OBC reservation be right for the development of the people and the country? (Is removing OBC reservation good for the development of the people and the country?)

Today, although caste problems are less than before, but some sections of the society are still far behind, the development of the country is possible only after bringing them into the mainstream of development. The development of only one arm of the body does not develop the body but it is called disability.

Just as the development of both hands is essential for the overall development of the body, so is the equal development of each class for the development of society as a whole. It is not wise to leave the class behind, for sustainable development requires the participation of everyone and for that we have to move forward by providing additional facilities to those sections of the society who are left behind due to lack of proper resources.


At present, reservation has become a contentious issue, the entire credit for which goes to the political parties. But as a responsible citizen, we cannot escape the accusation that we have contributed somewhere in making the reservation controversial. In fact, setting aside our advantages or disadvantages, we should first consider the society that if this society was our family, we would deprive one member of our family of the necessary resources, wouldn’t we try to be a family member? ? Bring that weak member along with additional facilities. In addition to implementing reservations, any government will have to ensure that the needy people in the community in which the reservation is introduced are getting its benefits.

Frequently Asked Questions: Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1 – When was reservation first considered in India?

Answer: The British King first introduced the element of reservation in the Government of India Act of 190.

Question 2 – When did the idea of giving reservation to SC ST come up?

A. In 1954, the Ministry of Education had considered giving 20% reservation for SC STs in educational institutions.

Question 3 – When did OBC reservation come into force?

A. The 1980 Commission report recommended 27 per cent reservation for OBCs.

Question 4 – When did upper caste reservation come into force?

Answer – In 2019, 10% reservation was announced for higher castes in educational institutions and government jobs.

Question 5 – Which article of Indian Constitution deals with reservation?

Answer: Articles 15 (4) and 46 of the Indian Constitution deal with reservations.

Question 6 – Who is known as the father of reservation in India?

Answer: Chhatrapati Shahu ji Maharaj is said to be the father of reservation in India.

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