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History and Biography of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

History of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in English: Hello friends, today, through this important article, we wish all of you a great and glorious ruler of India. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Will give complete information about. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was one of the great and great rulers of ancient India. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of a strong and vast Sikh empire in ancient times.

When you have all heard about Punjab, you may have heard it from that person as Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The Lion of Punjab You may have heard the name. Today we will all know the complete information about Maharaja Ranjit Singh in this important article written by us. Not only that, today we are going to tell you all about the journey from the upbringing of Maharaja Ranjit Singh to his death.

Who is Maharaja Ranjit Singh in this important article written by all of us today? (Maharaja Ranjit Singh History History) The upbringing of Maharaja Ranjit Singh? Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s military campaign? Expansion of Punjab by Maharaja Ranjit Singh? We will discuss in detail how the Sikh Empire collapsed. If you all want to get complete information about Maharaja Ranjit Singh, please read this important article written by us till the end.

History and Character of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Who was Maharaja Ranjit Singh?

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a great and glorious king of the Punjab. It was Maharaja Ranjit Singh who founded Sikhism and built a vast state and a strong empire. Maharaja Ranjit Singh loved people from his childhood and always worked for their welfare. The birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh is considered to be very fortunate for the entire Gujranwala area.

Currently, the region is connected to Punjab and Pakistan. But in ancient times this part of Pakistan Punjab used to be a part of India, India had given this part to Pakistan as a partition gift. Maharaja Ranjit Singh fought many battles for the expansion of his empire and established such a vast Sikh empire.

Care of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

We all know that Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a great and glorious king of ancient times. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was born on 13 November 1780. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was born in the family of Mahasingh and Raj Kaur in Gujranwala area of ​​Punjab. Sikhism was founded by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

It dates back to the late 18th century, when Punjab was administratively divided into several types, all of which were divided into parts of the state of Punjab. Mix In the ancient state of Punjab, there was a kingdom of misal chiefs in every area of ​​misal. Not only that, but Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s father Mahasingh was also one of these mixed chiefs.

The detachment of the Mishra Sardar, who was the father of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, was a sugar mill that ruled the western part of the Punjab. After the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s father Mahasingh, the entire care of Maharaja Ranjit Singh passed to his mother. His mother raised him as a Rajput ruler and also taught him weapons.


Early life of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

We all know that at the time when Maharaja Ranjit Singh was born, Punjab was ruled by many teachers, at that time the state of Punjab was divided into many Mishra groups, Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s father Mahasingh was also an example.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh had smallpox as a child, so his left eye was weakened, so his mother Raj Kaur took care of him. Raj Kaur, mother of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Alive Her name was Maharaja’s daughter Malvan There were also.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was only 12 years old when his father died. After the death of his father, Ranjit Singh’s mother was made the chief of Kanhaiya Misl. After this, at the age of 18, he was selected as the mixed door in place of his father. He took the people around him to his side, because you were a good man at heart.

Military expedition of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Gradually Maharaja Ranjit Singh launched a military campaign to unite the Punjab and defeat the other Misl Sardars. He began to defeat other mixed chiefs through his military campaign. On July 7, 1999, Maharaja Ranjit Singh won for the first time, when he was a teenager, 18 years old.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh defeated Bhangi Mishra and captured the whole of Lahore. After this, he gradually overcame all pleasures over the next few decades and established a huge education state. Maharaja Ranjit Singh launched a military campaign with the sole objective of making Punjab a united state.

Before the military campaign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, everything was done differently in the state of Punjab, as different parts of the state of Punjab were ruled by different rulers. All these rulers started their own arbitrariness in their respective states. As a result of which there was unrest in the state of Punjab, Maharaja Ranjit Singh united the entire state of Punjab through his military campaign and established a strong Sikh empire to spread peace in the state.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh received the crown

Maharaja Ranjit Singh attained the title of Maharaja of the Punjab, as he defeated all the other miscellaneous Sikhs of the Punjab and established the Punjab as a united state. From here the maharaja’s crown was adorned on the head of King Ranjit Singh. The day on which Maharaja Ranjit Singh was crowned was Vaishakhi.

At the time when King Ranjit Singh was declared Maharaja, he was only 20 years old. Sahib Singh Bedi He applied saffron tilak on the mind of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and declared him Maharaja of Punjab. He gave a royal salute to the Maharaja of Punjab from his fort. Maharaja Ranjit Singh rode on an elephant with his youth in the afternoon and set out to tour the entire city.

Crowds of subjects lined the streets of the entire city to witness the procession of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Maharaja Ranjit Singh started raining gold and silver coins on the people. Then slowly the whole state of Punjab lit up that night and the joy of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was celebrated by lighting lamps in the homes of all the people, just as we celebrate Diwali.

Expansion of the Punjab State Empire

After the conquest of Lahore by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, he began to focus on the expansion of his Sikh empire. For the expansion of his Sikh empire, he focused his attention on other parts of Punjab as well as areas far from Punjab like Kashmir, Himalayan region etc. Maharaja Ranjit Singh annexed Amritsar to his empire in 18-2 AD and expanded his empire.

Gradually Maharaja Ranjit Singh took over the rule of Afghanistan in 1807. Qutbuddin Aibak Defeated him and established his monopoly on the territory of Kasur. After this, in 1818 Multan was annexed to his kingdom. Maharaja Ranjit Singh won all the battles he fought.

After this, Maharaja Ranjit Singh took part in the teaching empire on the territories of Kashmir in 1819. After all this, Maharaja Ranjit Singh fought many battles between 1813 AD and 18 to 37 AD in which he won. After all this, in 1837 AD, he fought the battle of Jamrud, which became the last battle of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

After all this, Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s best chief in this war Harising Nalva Died. He was the favorite soldier of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. In the war of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, due to some social factors, the Afghans gained an edge and recaptured Kabul.

How did Maharaj get the name Ranjit?

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was given another name by his parents at the time of his birth. Childhood name of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Budh Singh Were. People say that Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s father Mahasingh had defeated Chhatar Sardar in a battle and after this battle Mahasingh named his son Ranjit. Thinking that he would never give up, he named his son Ranjit and Ranjit It literally means one who always wins the war. The winner. Maharaja Ranjit Singh insisted on his father’s words and never accepted defeat, but he himself left the war after the death of one of his favorite soldiers.

How did the Sikh Empire collapse?

Maharaja Ranjit Singh died on 27 June 1839. Maharaja Ranjit Singh handed over the reins of the Sikh Empire to Kharak Singh after his death. But Kharaksingh failed to take over the reins of the vast empire of Maharana Maharaja Ranjit Singh and due to lack of state taxes, due to internecine war the education state completely collapsed. This was followed by a war between the Sikhs and the British in 1845. During this war, the great Sikh empire came under British control and from here the empire of Maharaja Ranjit Singh collapsed.

Interesting facts about Maharaja Ranjit Singh

  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh believed that any person is equal before God. Therefore, realizing this, he preferred to sit on the throne, but never wore the crown.
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh built the very historic Gurudwaras Takht Singh and Takht Singh Hazur.
  • Takht Singh Gurdwara was built in Patna to commemorate the birth of the 10th Sikh Guru and Takht Shri Hazur Sahib was built at the place of his death.
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh fought his first battle with his father at the age of ten.
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh contracted smallpox as a child and lost the light in one eye due to this disease.


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