India Gate History in English: In the capital Delhi, we get to see many historical monuments and it is because of all these historical monuments that we get to know the descriptions of important events in Indian history. India Gate is also one of those famous fascinating monuments.
India Gate is dedicated to honoring India’s brave soldiers. India Gate is also known as the famous All India War Memorial. Its grandeur and charm are often compared to the Arc de Triomphe in France and the Gateway of India in Mumbai.
Today we will give you through this article History of India Gate And we are going to learn about some interesting facts related to it (facts in Hindi about the gate of India). If you also want to know about this monument of those who sacrificed their lives, then definitely read our article till the end.
History of India Gate, Design, Inscriptions, Immortal Jawan Jyoti | History of India Gate
General information of India Gate
|Old name||All India War Memorial|
|Location||Rajpath Marg, Delhi (India)|
|Establishment||February 12, 1931|
|When was the foundation laid?||4.30 pm, February 10, 1921|
History of India Gate
During the First World War (1914-1918) and the Third Anglo-Afghan War (1919), 90,000 soldiers of the British Indian Army laid down their lives to defend the mighty British Empire. For this reason, the India Gate in Delhi’s Rajpath was built in memory of all the soldiers who were martyred.
The names of all the Indian and British soldiers who died in the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War are engraved on the entire walls of India Gate. In 1221, the India Gate, dedicated to the brave soldiers, was built.
The foundation of this war memorial (in Hindi about India Gate) was laid by members of the Imperial Service Tops and members of the Indian Army at a military ceremony on 10 February 1921 at 4.30 pm on a visit to The Duke of Connaught.
When the monument was laid, the first Indian Viceroy Wiscond Chelmsford, Frederick Thesiger and the Commander-in-Chief were also present. Deccan Horse, 59th Shinde Rifles (Frontier Force), 39th Garhwal Rifles, 3rd Sappers and Miners, 117th Maratha, 6th Jat Light Infantry, 5th Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) and 34th Sikh Pioneer with their “Royal” Was honored for the great fight of the name.
It took 10 years to complete the project of this monument. Upon completion of the project, the monument was inaugurated on 12 February 1931 by Lord Irwin, Viceroy of India.
India Gate is known as the heart of Delhi and a total of 95300 names of freedom fighters are engraved on this gate. Time India Gate was designed by the famous architect Edwin Lutyens. Along with granite, red and yellow stand stones have been used in its construction. Foreign soldiers come from far and wide to see this fascinating monument of India.
India Gate Design
Edwin Lutyens, the designer of the war memorial, undertook the task of designing the India Gate, which is made up of historical backgrounds and stunning object art. He designed 66 war memorials in Europe, at which time he was a member of the IWGC.
The structure of India Gate is similar to that of the Arc de Triomphe in France. The hexagonal complex (hexagonal) is in the center of the space, with a height of 42 meters and a width of 9.1 meters, a diameter of 625 meters and an area of 306,000 square meters.
India Gate is a secular monument beyond caste. Granite, red and yellow sand stones were specially used to make the walls of India Gate brought from Bharatpur (Rajasthan). There is a dome above India Gate.
In addition, at a distance of 150 meters from the India Gate, there is a magnificent structure like an umbrella, which was given the appearance of the construction of Edwin Lutyens. The statue of George V, which was earlier erected in this structure, was removed after independence and the statue was installed in Coronation Park.
Inscription on India Gate
At its top, “India” is written in capital letters on both sides (front and back) and MCMXIV (1914) and MCMXIX (1919) are written to the right and left of India. Below it is written in large letters:
“This is also the case in France and Flanders in Mesopotamia and Persia in East Africa galleys and abroad, among the dead of the Indian Army, and in the near and far-east and a few other things.” Third Afghan War ”
It means in Hindi:
“For the martyrs of the Indian army, who died in France and Flanders, Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli and other places in the Near East and Far East, and whose names are recorded in their sacred memory, and who died on the third day. -West border. But died. ”
The inscription, on the other hand, contains the names of 13,218 Army soldiers and female Army personnel who died in the war in 1917.
History of Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate
Just below the India Gate, an “Immortal Jawan Jyoti” has been erected, commemorating the soldiers who sacrificed and sacrificed for our country. This “Immortal Jawan Jyoti” is dedicated to all the Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the Indo-Pakistani war.
“Amar Jawan Jyoti” was built in 1971 in memory of the soldiers who were martyred while defending all these countries.
The Immortal Jawan Jyoti was inaugurated in 1972 by the first woman Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and she paid a heartfelt tribute to the immortal soldiers at the memorial. Every year since then, on the occasion of the Republic Day Parade, the Prime Minister of the country and the three Chiefs of Army Staff of the Indian Army have been present at this sacred land and paying true and heartfelt homage to all those heroes.
Apart from this, three Army Chiefs of India are present on the land of this martyr and many other memorable occasions including Martyr’s Day and Victory Day are present and pay homage to the martyrs. Marble is used exclusively in the construction of this Jyoti and it is inscribed “Amar Jawan Jyoti” in large letters.
In addition, the L1A1’s self-loading rifle is placed just above the monument. The soldier’s helmet is installed on top of it to further enhance its splendor. The most important and special thing about this Jawan Jyoti is that the Infinite Jyot is always lit here in memory of the martyrs.
How does the flame of immortal jawan burn forever?
Four urns have been placed next to the “Immortal Jawan Jyoti” memorial and one of them has been lit 24 hours a year since 1971. In the past, Jyoti used to run on LPG gas, but since 2006 Jyoti has been lit and CNG has been used. For his safety, security personnel are deployed 24 hours a day.
Some Interesting Facts About India Gate (India Gate Facts In Hindi)
- The names of Indian soldiers who were martyred in the First World War and the Afghan War are beautifully engraved on the entire walls of India Gate. The names of all those martyred soldiers can still be clearly seen on the walls of India Gate today.
- The Immortal Jawan Jyoti at India Gate was inaugurated on January 26, 1972 by Indira Gandhi, the first woman Prime Minister of India.
- Gardens and beautiful greenery have been created around India Gate. This is why it is also known as a picnic spot.
- India Gate was formerly known as the “All India War Memorial”. But later its name was changed to India Gate.
How to get to India Gate?
People come to India from all over the world to see India Gate. You can easily reach here by train, air or road.
If you come to Delhi by train, you can easily reach here from both Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station and New Delhi Railway Station. Metro train is also available at low cost.
If you reach Delhi by road or air, Metro train, taxi, local bus etc. will take you to India Gate easily. If you take your personal vehicle, you will have to park your vehicle in the parking lot on Shahjahan Road, half a kilometer away from India Gate. You can then tour it with confidence.
Frequently Asked Questions Related to India Gate
Where is India Gate?
India Gate is in Delhi (India).
What is the height of India Gate?
The height of India Gate is 42 meters.
When and who built India Gate?
The memorial was laid by members of the Imperial Service Tops and members of the Indian Army at a military ceremony on 10 February 1921 at 4.30 pm during a visit to The Duke of Connaught. It took 10 years to complete the project of this monument. After the completion of the project, the monument was inaugurated by the Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin, on 12 February 1931.
What is spice called at India Gate?
Immortal Jawan Jyoti
Who was the sculptor of India Gate?
Edwin Landseer Lutyens
India Gate is a memorial through which every citizen of our country remembers all the soldiers who were martyred. The heart of every Indian citizen is proud to see India Gate. Every soldier in our country should be treated with respect.
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