History of Nepal in English: Hello friends, today we are going to tell you all about this important article on the northern border and western border of India, in the eastern part of the Sutlej river, in the area of Sikkim, about 500 miles away from the independent country. Subject. There are many major tourist destinations in this neighboring country of India. Today, through this article, we are going to talk about the country where the highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest.
Now we all understand what country we are talking about. Yes, we have all guessed right, we are talking about India’s neighbor Nepal. Nepal is an independent country located between the northern and western borders of India. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Nepal’s most important tourist destination is at the foot of the Himalayas. Pokhara Nepal It is called. The largest and tallest in the world in Nepal Mountain Mount Everest Located here.
Today, through this important article written by us, we will all know the whole history of Nepal and all the information about Nepal in detail. Today we will all know in this article, what is the history of Nepal? What is the relationship between India and Nepal? Nepal’s geographical area is going to go into great detail about Nepal’s economy, the languages spoken in Nepal, and some interesting facts about Nepal, so let’s get started.
History of Nepal and Interesting Facts History of Nepal in Hindi
Where is Nepal?
There is no country in the world that does not know about Nepal. Nepal is a country that is always prone to floods and earthquakes. Nepal is spread over a distance of about 500 miles from Sikkim in the Sutlej Valley between its northern border and the western border of India. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Different languages are spoken in Nepal.
The depth of relations between Nepal and India
Recently, we have all heard the news that the relations between Nepal and India have warmed up. Though the relations between Nepal and India are very old, they are still warm. The border between India and Nepal is about 1850 km long.
India has some states whose borders touch Nepal like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, West Bengal. The Indo-Nepal Agreement, committed in 1950 to promote peace and friendship between India and Nepal, raises the issue of providing education and economic opportunities to Nepalese and Indians. Indian and Nepali citizens have the freedom to participate in the civil service as well as other government services.
There are currently more than 700,000 Nepalis working in India. More than 45,000 Nepalese citizens serve in the Indian Army as well as in the paramilitary. You will be surprised to know that the border between India and Nepal is always open. All of us do not need any kind of visa to go to Nepal or return to India from Nepal. About 66% of Nepal’s business is in India.
History of Nepal
Nepal was a part of the Ashoka Empire in ancient times. Nepal was conquered by the Ashoka Empire in the third century, then in the fourth century, the state of Nepal accepted Samudragupta’s sovereignty. Samudragupta ruled Nepal from the 4th century to the beginning of the 7th century.
Then in the seventh century, Tibet invaded and occupied Nepal to establish its dominance. After all these attacks, due to the internal conflicts in Nepal, there were a lot of blood vessels and in the 11th century Nepal Thakuri dynasty The kings took their rights. After all this while in Nepal Malla dynasty The most famous ruler of India, Yakshamalla, ruled from about 14 to 28 AD to 14 to 75 AD.
After all this, the invasion of Nepal did not stop, so later the rulers of Mithila ruled over Nepal. Nanyadeva They were able to dominate for a few months. Not only that, Nepal was divided even before the death of Yakshamalla, the ruler of the Malla dynasty. Even after this partition, Nepal itself was divided into two rival states, Kathmandu and Bharat Gaon.
Taking advantage of the quarrel of these kings, the Gorkhas living in the western Himalayan region invaded Nepal in 1768 and took over one Nepal. The Gorkhas of the Western Himalayas developed intelligence in their military might and built a powerful empire over Nepal. By the 1st century, the Gorkhas extended the southern boundary of their kingdom to merge with the northern frontier of British India.
After all this, the border near the border became a very deep subject and from 1814 AD to 1815 AD there was a very fierce war between Nepal and the British. In this war between the two countries Treaty of Sugauli Accordingly, Nepal visited some important sections of its territory to the British Government. There was also a flag agreement in Nepal, according to which Nepal’s foreign policy was controlled by the British Government of India.
Between 151 and 1960 AD0, when the Indian King Mahendra Singh introduced the Panchayat system. After that, multilateral democracy also developed in Nepal, after which, in 1990, King Virendra restored the parliamentary government and Nepal remained in power for almost a decade. Communist Maoist rebellion Had to face.
After all this, the monarchy was acquired in 2008 and the second legislature of Nepal proposed a new constitution in 2015 AD. After many years of political upheaval and great struggle, a new constitution was enacted on September 20, 2015 and before that it was a Hindu nation, but now the constitution declares Nepal a secular state and the constitution of Nepal gives freedom to all citizens to practice their religion as they wish. Has been given.
After all, people in the majority of Nepal are followers of Hinduism and people in the minority are following Buddhism as perverts. Many important Sanskrit manuscripts exist in ancient Nepal. At present, Nepal is living under the rule of Maharaja Virendra. Father of Maharaja Virendra Late. Maharaja Mahendra Introduced a new constitution.
According to mythology, Nepal is mentioned in the Mahabharata festival in reference to Karan’s Digvijaya. After conquering all the kings of Nepal, they came down from the Himalayas and then headed east. After all this, Karna won limb fractures and so on.
From this it is known that even in ancient times, Nepal was considered a part of India from a geographical and cultural point of view. The name Nepal is not a present name, but the name Nepal has been around since ancient times, i.e. since the time of Mahabharata. Nepal has long been a non-Aryan state in the country, and in the Middle Ages the political century passed to a branch of the Mewar Rajasthan dynasty.
A branch formed by the Rajputs came to Nepal to prevent the invasion of the Muslims in Mewar and to prevent the invasion of the Chhatriya dynasties who came and settled in Nepal. Currently, the rights of Kshatriya people are being exercised in Nepal. There are many places in Nepal where we can see the holy pilgrimage sites of Hinduism and Buddhism from ancient times till now.
The economy of Nepal
After the enactment of the Constitution in 2015, Nepal’s GDP for 2018 was about .8 28.8 billion and reached 7.1% in 2019 and 3% annual growth rate in 2018 alone. Nepal is one of the fastest growing economies in the world.
Currently, however, the country is around 165 per capita GDP and 162 per capita GDP, according to the PPP. Not only that, Nepal is a country that has been a member of the WTO since April 23, 2004.
Languages spoken in Nepal
Nepali is the official language of Nepal for the people living in Nepal and the most important language spoken there. The culture of Nepal is similar to that of Tibet and India. Apart from Nepali, 6 major languages are spoken in Nepal: Gurung, Tamang, Nepa, Neva, Gorkhali, Kirati and Magar.
List of historical events that took place in Nepal
Which is the most populous city in Nepal?
There are also some cities in Nepal where the population is slowly overtaking India, let’s find out:
- Bhim Khedi
- Raj Virar
- Bak Long
Neighboring countries of Nepal
Nepal has only two neighboring countries, the first India and the second China.
List of famous people of Nepal
Interesting facts about Nepal
- According to the World Bank, the total population of Nepal in 2016 was about 2.9 crore.
- Nepal is bordered by India to the southeast and west and China to the north.
- Gautama Buddha was born in BC. Born in 623 in a place called Lumbini in Nepal itself.
- There are more than 80 castes living in Nepal, but Nepal is a country where there is never any conflict over caste.
- Most of the people living in Nepal are Hindus, Buddhists, Islamists and Christians.
- The total area of Nepal is about 56827 square miles.
- A magnitude 7.8 to 8.1 earthquake in 2015 killed at least 11,000 people.
- Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, is located in Nepal. The height of Mount Everest is about 8848 meters.
- Saturday is officially a holiday in Nepal, just like Sunday in India.
- The major ethnic groups living in Nepal are Kshatriyas, Bahu, Magara etc.
- Currency used in Nepal Nepalese Rupee Is.
- Nepali is the national language spoken in Nepal.
We hope you all enjoy this important article written by us. “History of Nepal and Interesting Facts (History of Nepal in Hindi)” Should have liked If so So please share this important article written by us, if you have any questions regarding this article, you must tell us in the comment box.