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History of Lal Qila (Red Fort) And Interesting Facts

History of Lal Qila: There are many historical places in India that are still part of India’s heritage. Located in Delhi Red Fort He also owns a vast history. The Red Fort has been seen all over India. According to historians, the Red Fort existed even before the Mughals. But later the Mughals decorated the fort and gave it a new look.

History of the Red Fort (Lal Qila) and interesting facts

Red Fort main point

Name of the fort Red Fort (Qila A Mubarak)
When was the Red Fort built? Completed April 6, 1948
Who built the Red Fort Built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
Red Fort architecture Red Fort distinctive and unique Shahjahani style
During which period was the Red Fort built? It was worked on for 10 years from 1938 to 1948.
Where is the Red Fort? Old Delhi, India
Name of the person who designed the Red Fort Ustad Ahmed Lahori

History of the Red Fort

The Mughal ruler Shah Jahan envisioned the construction of the Red Fort. Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal ruler, Shah Jahan’s vision began to take shape. In 1638, the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan laid the foundation stone for the construction of the Red Fort. Work on the Red Fort continued for about 10 years, and finally, in 1648, Shah Jahan appeared. The Red Fort was built by the hard work of the workers for 10 years in a row.

Red Fort architecture

The architecture of this historic fort is very scenic. The architecture of the artisans of ancient India was worth seeing. The Red Fort is spread over an area of ​​about 250 acres. Which is a unique and unique example of creativity, ingenuity and beauty in architecture. Located on the banks of the river Yamuna, the Red Fort is surrounded on all three sides by the river Yamuna and is to the east of Salimgad.

The name comes from the red sandstone ramparts and walls. The wall of the Red Fort is 1.5 miles approximately 2.5 kilometers long. It is 60 feet 16 meters high and 110 feet or 33 meters high towards the city. Based on the measurements of the Archaeological Department, 42 meter square grids have been constructed using squares.

Red Fort architecture

The architecture of the Red Fort is of a high standard. The artwork on the Red Fort is a unique blend of Indian, European and Persian art. The Red Fort is a perfect example of the distinctive and unique Shahjahani style. This style excels in color expression and form. The Red Fort is one such building complex in the capital, Delhi, covering Indian history and art.

It is a perfect example of the rare talent of architects. The fortifications of the Red Fort have been extensively researched. Its walls are open to two main doors. Delhi Darwaza and Lahore Darwaza, Lahore Darwaza are its main entrances. There is a long market inside the door. Chatta Chowk, with shops on the walls.

Then there is a large open space in front, which intersects the long north-south road. Based on historical evidence. This road divided the fort into military and civilian forts, and the southern end of the road is still at the Delhi Gate.

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Nakkar Khana

Food is prepared east of the open field along the road from Lahore Gate to Chatta Chowk. Built for music lovers, it is the main entrance to the palace.


There is another open field near this door, which was originally a crazy mango field. It was a field made for the common people. This ornate throne was built in the middle of the east wall of the Diwana. It was specially made for the king. It is said that she was a copy of Solomon’s throne.


This is the royal private chamber of the king, installed at the back of the throne. The eastern end of the area consists of curved buildings built on high platforms. From here the banks of the river Yamuna are clearly visible. This pavilion is connected by a small canal, hence it is called Nahar-e-Bahisht. Which goes in the middle of all the rooms.

The Shah Burj, built in the eastern part of the district, is fed by the river Yamuna. From where water is supplied to this canal. It is said that the fairy form of this fort is built according to the heaven described in the Quran, which is called Jannat in Islam.

It says: – If there is a heaven on earth, it is this, this, this.

The overall structure of the palace is basically in accordance with Islamic tradition. But if you look closely, you can see Hindu architecture in every mandapa. However, the Prasad of the Red Fort presents a masterpiece of Shahjahani style.

To know

Two south-facing offerings in the palace were made for women, called Janana. It is also known as Mumtaz Mahal which has now taken the form of a museum. It is also known as Rangmahal, in which gold-plated carved umbrellas and marble ponds are made, as much water as comes from the canal.

Special palace

The third pavilion is from the south, specially built in the royal palace. It has a king’s bedroom, a shrine and a large hall, called the Musman Burj. From this bastion, the emperor used to communicate directly with the people.


Known as Diwan-e-Khas, the pavilion was a private hall furnished by the emperor. It reviewed the important work of the king’s secretary, cabinet, and members, and his beauty was magnificent. There are pillars decorated in the shape of flowers, with a layer of gold and gems.


It was the royal bath of the emperor, it was built in the Turkish style.

Moti Masjid

It is built west of Hum Mango, it was built in 1650. It is said to be Aurangzeb’s private mosque.

Hyatt Baksh Bagh

To the north is a large formal garden, called the Garden of Life. It has one end to the north and the other end to the south. It was built in 1842 by the last Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar.

The importance of the Red Fort in the modern era

Red Fort is a famous tourist destination not only in Delhi but all over the world. The Red Fort is visited by millions of tourists every year. From here, the Prime Minister of the country addresses the general public on 15th August every year.

Red Fort on the right

When India became independent in 1947, the Red Fort was handed over to the Indian Army by the British Government, after which it remained an Army office. But on December 22, 2003, the Indian Army vacated the Red Fort, removed its 46-year-old office, and handed it over to the Department of Tourism in a ceremony.

At the ceremony, then-Defense Minister George Fernandes said that the history of the Armed Forces is linked to the Red Fort, but now it is time to show the world an aspect of our history and heritage.

Interesting information about Red Fort

  • When Shah Jahan built the fort in 1648, it was painted white. The British later painted its walls red and renamed it Red Fort.
  • Its original name is Qila-e-Mubarak.
  • There were two main contractors to build the fort. Its construction was completed by Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmed in 10 years.
  • The Red Fort is a World Heritage Site.
  • It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007 for its historical and cultural significance.
  • During the British rule, many parts of the Red Fort were shown the green flag. Most of the valuables were confiscated. The Central Government has given it to the Dalmaya Group, which has been in touch for 5 years under the Adoption Heritage Scheme. The contact was for Rs 25 crore.
  • इ.स. In 1752, when the Mughals were on the verge of collapse, an agreement was reached to seize the throne of Delhi. Marathe Had come close. The Marathas then defeated the army of Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1760 by selling the silver lining of Diwan-e-Khas in the Red Fort.
  • The last Mughal ruler to rule over the Red Fort was Bahadur Shah II, who held the Red Fort until 1860.

Time to visit the Red Fort

If you love to travel, if you want to see something in Delhi, then you must visit Red Fort. If you visit here, the Red Fort is open from 9.30 am to 4.30 pm. During this time you can come to visit the Red Fort anytime.

Besides, there is also a light show at 7 pm, which is quite supernatural and visible. It was in Hindi and English and the times are different.

What is the old name of Red Fort?

Qila-e-Mubarak was the old name of the Red Fort.

How much does it cost to visit the Red Fort?

It is Rs 35 for Indians and Rs 500 for foreign tourists.

Why was the Red Fort named ‘Red Fort’?

The fort was named Red Fort because it was built of red stone.

What are the other names of Red Fort?

Red Fort is known by many names like – Lal Got, Qila-e-Mubarak, Mubarak Fort, Red Fort etc.


We are here “History of the Red Fort” We have said this, after much research, we have brought this article for you. Let us know how you feel about this information. If you liked this article, please share it with your friends. If you have any questions related to Red Fort you can write here, we will definitely answer your questions.

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