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Essay on Fundamental Duty and its Importance In English

The Constitution of India mentions certain duties, which are called fundamental duties, that all citizens should play their role in the security and development of the country. Article 51A of the Indian Constitution mentions all those duties by which every person can contribute to the development of the country. The Constitution encompasses all the rights of citizens of every caste and religion in India.

Long essay on basic duties and its importance in English

Today, through this essay, we will learn about the duties we need to perform towards our country.

Basic duties and importance of Indian citizens – 1000 word essay


At any stage of life, the mentality of all individuals is only concerned with protecting their rights. No matter what caste or religion a person is, no matter how rich or poor he is, he only thinks about his rights. Never does a person’s care go to his or her own responsibilities or duties. The Constitution not only speaks of rights but also provides laws to protect those rights. In addition to the rights and entitlements of the citizens, their duties towards the country are also mentioned in the constitution.

Basic duties of Indian citizens (Basic Duties of Indian Citizens)

Nearly 26 years after the enactment of the Indian Constitution, basic duties for citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976 on the recommendation of the Golden Lion Committee. Following this amendment, a new section “IV” was added to the Constitution, adding a total of 10 basic duties to Section 51 (a). Then in 2002, additional fundamental rights were added under Amendment 86 of the Indian Constitution. As a result, the number of fundamental rights is currently 11.

The basic duties enshrined in the Constitution of India are as follows –

1) “Obey the Constitution and respect its ideals, institutions, national flag and national anthem”.
2) “Adherence and adherence to high ideals that inspire the national movement for independence”.
3) “Protect and maintain the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India”.
4) “Protect the nation and serve the nation when called upon”.

5) “Creating a sense of harmony and equal brotherhood among all people of India that transcends all forms of discrimination based on religion, language and region or class, abandoning practices that are against the dignity of women. 6) . ”
7) “Protect and enhance the natural environment, including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and have mercy on all living things”.
8) “Develop humanism from a scientific point of view and a sense of learning and improvement”.
9) “Protect public property and stay away from violence”.
10) “Continue to strive for excellence in all areas of individual and collective enterprise so that the nation may progress and reach new heights of ever-increasing success”.
11) “If there is a parent or guardian, to provide educational opportunity to his child or ward, such as, in the age group of six to fourteen years”.

The importance of basic duties (Importance of basic duties)

Just as the Constitution provides for the rights of all citizens of India, so also the duties are discussed. All those duties have their own significance which is extremely important for the sustainable development of the country. According to these duties, we must abide by the constitution and respect the national flag, the national anthem. The great souls who have sacrificed their lives for the country should always be considered as role models in their lives.

In addition to protecting the unity and integrity of India, the country must be protected, if need be, by serving the country. There should be a sense of brotherhood among all the people of India irrespective of caste, religion or language. Indian culture and traditions must be preserved. In addition to being kind to all living things, we must also take care of the environment. All the people of the country should think of the development of the country with scientific thoughts. The country’s precious heritage and heritage must be preserved. All parents should send children between the ages of 6 and 14 to school.

Do citizens of India perform basic duties? (Does a citizen of India perform his basic duties?)

Today, many years have passed since independence. The people have been freed from the brutal slavery of the British. Everyone has got equal rights and where they see their rights being violated, people also raise their voices against it. This country has given more to its countrymen than expected, but when it comes to duty towards the country,

more than half the population is not visible. On the other hand, if you want to fight for any of your rights or entitlements, crowds of people take to the streets. No one needs suggestions for their rights, but in terms of duties, people need to be reminded of their duties through social media and newspapers from time to time.

People have to put up notice boards etc. to protect their ancient heritage, they have to be told every time that spitting in public places etc. is wrong. Where they have to take up arms for their rights, they jump against the government without consulting anyone.

Even today, people need to be encouraged to live in brotherhood by eliminating racial or linguistic discrimination. People have to be reminded to respect the national anthem of the country. If people begin to understand their responsibilities towards the country, then no one can stop the country from progressing on the path of development.


Over time, the busyness of people’s lives has increased in such a way that people are forgetting their duties. This is because from time to time people have to remind them of their duties in one way or another. Prior to the inclusion of basic duties in the Constitution of India, the Supreme Court in the case of “Chandra Bhavan Boarding and Lodging Bangalore” v. “Mysore and Other States” had said that if citizens perform their basic duties in the Constitution, the Constitution Not all rights can be protected. That is, our rights will be protected only when we carry out our duties faithfully.

Frequently Asked Questions: Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1 – Basic duties are derived from the constitution of which country?

Answer – India’s basic duties are enshrined in the Russian Constitution.

Question 2 – Under which amendment were the basic duties included?

Answer – In 1976, the 42nd Amendment included basic duties.

Question 3 – Under which amendment was the 11th basic duty added?

Answer – The 11th basic duty was added under the 86th Amendment of 2002.

Question 4: On whose recommendation were the basic duties included in the Constitution?

Answer – Basic duties were included in the constitution as recommended by the Golden Lion Committee.

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