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History And Biography of Babur

History of Babur in English: India was ruled by the Mughal Sultanate for about 300 years. During this period there were many rulers in the Mughal Sultanate who maintained the dignity of the Mughals. We are talking about the Mughal ruler Babur who is known in history for his bravery.

abur is also known as a warrior with a ruler. In this article you are told about this ruler Babur of history. So you read this article till the end so that you will get complete information about it.

History and character of Babur

Babur was born

As for Babur’s birthplace, Babur was born on February 23, 1483, in the Fergana Valley in Funkud, Uzbekistan. Babur’s father’s name was Umar Sheikh Mirza, he himself was the ruler of Fergana Valley and his mother’s name was Kutlug Nigar Khanam.

Babur’s early life

The Mughal sect is considered to be very important in the history of India. Babur, the founder of the Mughal sect, ruled India for about 300 years. Babur took over his entire job after his father’s death, Babur was only 12 years old when Babur took over after his father’s death. Babur was considered ambitious from an early age.

Babur conquered the Fargan region of Turkey and became the king of that kingdom. Babur focused more on one thing, that was his goal. Babur himself refers to the family of Genghis. According to Babur, Genghis Khan was a descendant of his mother.

Babur had the blood of two great rulers in his blood, which made him a great ruler. Babur is believed to have been a great warrior. Babur had landed on the ground since childhood and he had seen many wars, defeats and victories and many breakups in his life.

Babar is coming to India

Before establishing his empire in India, Babur wanted to establish his empire in Central Asia, but he did not have much success there, so he went to India and came to India and established his empire there.

When Babur first came to India, Indian politics favored him. When Babur came to India, when the Sultan of Delhi was fighting wars, Babur liked the opportunity and started establishing his empire in India. At that time Delhi and some parts of North India Rajput Was ruled and the area around that region was independent.

When Babur came to India, the Sultan of Delhi was Ibrahim Lodi who was unable to rule. Angered by this, Alam Khan sent an invitation to Babur to come to India and invited him to India. Babur liked the invitation and turned to India again. After coming to India, Babur established his empire in Delhi.

Babur’s material life

Babar was conscious enough for material security. Babur loved to do yoga. Babur is said to have run with two men on both his shoulders. Not only that, Babur has crossed the river Ganga twice.

Babar’s married life

If we read the history of India, Babur had a total of 11 wives. From those 11 wives of Babur, he had 20 children. Ayesha Sultan Begum, Zainab Sultan Begum, Mausam Sultan Begum, Meham Begum, Gulrukh Begum, Dildar Begum, Mubaraka Yurufzai and Gulnar Agha were known as his Begum. Babur ruled India after the death of his eldest son Humayun.

The people of Babar

In Persian, people of Mongol descent are called Mughals. Babur’s subjects were mainly Persians and Turks. Babur’s army consisted mainly of Persians. The Turks, in addition to the Central Asian tribes, were the people of the Pashtun and Berla tribes in the kingdom of Babur and his army.

Baburka’s first invasion of India

Sultan Babur of Delhi made his first attack on India at Bajaur in 1519 and in this attack Babur conquered Bhera fort. The description of this war and this incident is also found in the history source Babarnama. According to historical sources, Babur was the first to use artillery and artillery in this war.

Babur’s Battle of Panipat

The first battle of Panipat was fought between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi. This historic battle took place in April 1526 between Babur and Sultan Ibrahim Lodi of India. Many historians accept the fact that Babur was investigated about 4 times before this war so that he could win this war.

With this battle of Mewar King Rana Sangram Singh He wanted Babur to win this war by fighting Ibrahim Lodi because Ibrahim Lodi was the enemy of Rana Sanga. You may know that Rana Sanga, the king of Mewar, had invited Babur of Afghanistan to come to India and fight Ibrahim Lodi. Babur had won the battle between the two and Ibrahim Lodi had seen himself defeated and had embraced death.

After the battle of Panipat

The Hindu kings of India thought that Babur would leave India after winning the battle of Panipat, but that did not happen.

Battle of Khanwa

The Rana Sanga who had once invited Babur to come to India to fight Ibrahim Lodi, after fighting and winning the battle with Ibrahim Lodi, Babur stayed in India and stayed here and challenged Rana Sanga to war. This led to a war of attrition between the two. Khanwa is currently a small place in Bharatpur, Rajasthan.

This historic battle took place between Babur and Rana Sanga on March 17, 1557. Historians believe that the Rajputs fought valiantly in this war against Babur, while Babur waged this war and ethnic war using artillery. Rana Sanga committed suicide after seeing himself defeated in this battle, the same Babur had won in this battle.

Ghagra war

Despite defeating Ibrahim Lodi and Babur, the challenges facing Babur were not small. The rulers of Bengal and Bihar wanted to expel Babur from the country. At this time, Afghan rulers were ruling in Bengal and Bihar who wanted to expel Babur from the country.

There was a fierce battle between Babur and the Afghan ruler over the issue. Babur won the war and after that Babur started plundering the states of India, which had many consequences in the future.

Babar’s cruelty

After the Ghaghara war, Babur started looting the country and looted many states in the country in a very bad way. Babur forcibly converted Hindus. Babur was considered an atheist type of lover. In India, Babur established his empire in the states of Punjab, Delhi and Bihar. Babur’s Babarnama contains many stories of his history.

Babur’s death

Babur died on 26 December 1530 at Agra. At the time of Babur’s death, Agra was part of the Mughal Empire. Babur had made his eldest son Humayun his successor before his death.

Where was Babur born?

Babur was born on 23 February 1483 in Funakad, Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan.

Who was the successor of Babur?

Before his death, Babur had made his eldest son Babur Nehumayun his successor.

Which sect was founded by Babur?

The Mughal Empire was established

When did Babur wage the first war in India?

Battle of Panipat with Ibrahim Lodi.

When and where did Babur die?

Babur died on 26 December 1530 at Agra.


This is our article “History and Character of Babur (History of Babur in Hindi)” In it we have told you the character of Babur and the history of Babur. This article tells more stories related to Babur’s life. Hope you enjoyed this article. Let us know in the comment box how you felt about this article.

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